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BACKGROUND: As Moses gave the law of God to his people from Mount Sinai, so did Jesus, "the new Moses". Jesus added new understanding to old commandments.
  1. What does anger have in common with murder (verses 21-22)?
    • Have you ever been called "a good for nothing" or "a fool"? How did it feel?
    • How does it affect a child if he is repeatedly being called "a good-for-nothing" or "a fool".
  2. What punishment would you yourself give for the sins mentioned in verses 21-22?
    • What punishment would you want to give for these sins if they were committed towards someone you love?
  3. Why must we be reconciled with other people before performing our religious duties (vs.23-24)?
    • Why isn't Jesus interested in whose fault the quarrel was, but commands his hearers to take the first step in order to be reconciled to their brother (vs.23-25)?
    • What would happen in your family/school/working place, if you started to act like Jesus commands you to do in these verses?
  4. What if Jesus had said: "If your brother has something against you, forget it, don't think about it any more!" Would it be any easier for you to follow such commandment than the one he actually gave?
    • What will happen to a person who never forgives another person who has harmed him/her?
    • Who is the person whose sins Jesus wants you to forgive today? (You can answer in your heart.)
  5. Why does Jesus think that a sin committed in one's imagination is as grave as the actual deed (vs.27-28)?
    • Recall a situation when your eyes or your hands tempted you to sin. In what concrete ways could you have stopped them to sin (vs.29-30)?
  6. What does Jesus in fact teach about divorce (vs.31-32)? Stick to the text!
    • Imagine a situation when a married man or woman falls in love with a third person. What good does it do to all concerned if this person decides to follow the commandment of Jesus?
  7. What is the biggest difference between what Jesus teaches about marriage and what people in our day think about it?
  8. How would you explain this passage to a person who claims to have been able to live according to these commandments? What about to a person who is desperate for not having been able to live according to them?

GLAD TIDINGS: Jesus was punished with all the punishments mentioned in this text: from the judgment to the fire of hell. He had to pay even his last penny to be able to repay our debt - the debt we owed to God for not having followed his commandments. (Cf. verse 26.)

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