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Mark 2:1-12

Background: Houses in Israel had and still have flat roofs. The roofs were built in such a way that two layers of wood were laid on top of supporting logs, and two layers of clay were laid between them. An outside staircase led to the roof. The owner of the house in our text was the mother-in-law of Peter, one of the disciples of Jesus, and it served as Jesus’ home while he was in Capernaum. A person usually becomes paralyzed in middle age or later as a result of a cerebral hemorrhage or blockage. At the same time, he often loses his ability to speak in whole or in part. In our text, the paralyzed man does not say a single word.

Verses 1-3. Let us first think about the paralyzed man’s life up to that point.

Verses 3-4a. Let us now think about the journey those four men made from the house of the paralyzed man to the roof of the house of Peter’s mother-in-law.

Verse 5. We are now considering the short period when the sick person had already heard the words of forgiveness, but had not yet been cured.

Verses 6-7. The Jews knew from the Law of Moses that sins could only be forgiven in the temple where animals were sacrificed for the offenders.

Verses 8-9

Verses 10-12. A person usually needs long-term physiotherapy to be able to move if he has been lying in bed for years. Note that “the Son of Man” stands for “Jesus”.

Glad tidings: In this Bible study, Jesus says to you, too: “My son/ my daughter, your sins are forgiven.” He had, however, to pay a high price for his promise: for he himself was made a sin offering when he was hanging on the cross and carrying the punishment for our sins.

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